Chapila is a surface feeder, feeds mainly on plankton, and is found in rivers, streams, lakes, beels, ponds, ditches and in inundated fields throughout Bangladesh and India. It can be easily cultured in confined waters like lakes, ponds, mini ponds, etc.
The fish is silvery and has a dark shoulder and back. It attains a maximum body length of 20 cm. Its mouth is wide and teeth are absent. The tail is elongated and deeply forked. The abdominal profile is sharp and serrated.
Moreover, the flesh contains a significant amount of protein, vitamin, calcium, iron, phosphorous, etc.